The process of aging and sun damage results in the appearance of dark patches and brown spots. These spots can also be the result of hormonal disbalance, acne, and hereditary issues. Part of the skin that is exposed to the sunlight especially that of the face are affected with brown spots. For the aged, these spots can also be visible on their arms, neck, and shoulder.
Are brown spots the same as hyperpigmentation or liver spots?
Sometimes you’ll hear them referred to that way. Brown spots occur when your skin loses its ability to regulate melanin, a natural pigment the body produces to provide skin and hair with color and to offer protection against the sun’s damaging UV rays. With overexposure to the sun, your body works overtime to produce extra melanin. Changes in hormone levels can cause similar over production. These changes can ultimately lead to the formation of deposits that permanently color your skin with melanin’s darker pigmentation.
How are they treated?
Treatment options include fading creams, Chemical Peels, and laser treatments. Further damage can be prevented by reducing sun exposure, by using high PF sunscreen and by using protective shield or clothes. Intense Pulse Light (IPL) treatment is a great way to quickly remove unsightly brown spots.