keloid The skin condition keloid is a kind of scar which is formed with the composition of either type III (early) or types I (late) collagen. The granulation tissue (collagen type III) accumulates in a large amount in the area of the healing site of an injury which is then slowly replaced by (collagen type I). Keloids are either firm or rubbery tumor whose colour may vary from pink to red or dark brown or even may mingle with the patient’s complexion. This skin condition is not contagious though may accompanied by severe itchiness, pain and varied skin texture. In severe cases, it can affect movement of skin. These scars are found more in African descent compared to any other part of the world.
How are keloids treated?
Procedure to treat keloids is available in all leading dermatological clinic. Such as:
Cortisone injections (intralesional steroids): are usually injected once every four to eight weeks into the keloids to flatten the keloids. Though steroid injections can also make the flattened keloid redder by stimulating the formation of more superficial blood vessels. (These can be treated using a laser; see below.) After treatment, the appearance of the keloids may be different from the rest of the skin but leaves a mark with a different skin tone.
Surgery: Lots of risks are involved as operating a keloid can stimulate the formation of similar or larger keloid. Some surgeons achieve success by injecting steroids or applying pressure dressings to the wound site for months after cutting away the keloid. Some also experimented with Radiation after a surgical procedure.
Laser: The pulsed-dye laser can be effective at flattening keloids and making them look less red. Treatment is safe and not very painful, but several treatment sessions may be needed. These may be costly, since such treatments are not generally covered by insurance plans.
Silicone sheets: These sheets are composed of silicon gel which is worn by the patients for some months and is hard to maintain.Results are variable. Some doctors claim similar success with compression dressings made from materials other than silicone.