Pigmentation is caused due to genetics, sun exposure, stress, hormonal changes during pregnancy or birth control pills, menopause, insulin resistance, damage to the skin due to injury or overly aggressive skin care treatment, or even the frequent use of hair dyes. Tattoos may also cause it.
Hyperpigmentation is not a serious medical condition, but it makes you look old. It’s very disturbing and embarrassing when one has dark patches and uneven skin tone. Skin Pigmentation can occur to anyone regardless of one’s gender, race or age. It’s not difficult to treat and get flawless skin.
What Is Hyperpigmentation ?
Mostly there are two types of pigmentation abnormalities that can happen:
(i) Hyperpigmentation : It’s usually a harmless condition and described as darkening of certain areas of skin, which happens due to overproduction of melanin or pigment. It looks like brown or tan spots on the skin. This is also sometimes called as melasma.
(ii) Hypopigmentation: On the other hand hypopigmentation is a condition when the melanin or pigmentation production is slowed down and patches of lighter skin or whiter in color appears.
Note: This article is about hyperpigmentation treatment.
Causes of Pigmentation
(i) Over exposure to the sun and heat: This is one of the most common reasons for pigmentation. The UV radiation as well as thermal radiation disturbs the melanocytes. With the result the melanin producing cells are affected leading to pigmentation.
(ii) Injury: In some cases the wound caused by injury heals, leaving minor inflammation. This inflamed area can later turn into pigmentation.
(iii) Pigmentation can sometimes be caused by certain medications due to their side effects.
(iv) Diseases: Some specified diseases, like jaundice, cyanosis may also lead to discoloration of the skin.
(v) In some cases the severe emotional stress or duress may become the cause.
Other reasons for pigmentation are like genetics, hormonal changes during pregnancy, birth control pills, menopause, frequent use of hair dyes, etc
There are several treatments available, like over-the-counter creams, chemical peels, laser treatment, etc. for fast recovery. If your condition is serious, we suggest that you consult a dermatologist. It is also a good idea to visit a dermatologist before selecting any of the over-the-counter skin pigmentation remedies. However, for those who don’t want to go for expensive, harsh or chemical loaded products, here are some natural remedies, which are quite effective and use only the natural ingredients available in the kitchen.